With the opening of the Athenian suburban line in spring 2004, the majority of satellite towns
in the capital have been joined to the vast fabric of the city. Thanks to super fast links
guaranteed by the ultramodern trains, the vast distances in the large Athenian region seem
to have cancelled themselves out.
Now that journeys take less time the inhabitants of the various residential areas
can easily reach the industrial part, the city centre, the port, the airport and the beaches.
They can also afford to leave their cars at home consequently reducing the air pollution, which
has been a problem for about 20 years.
On the other hand it's easy to foresee the sudden, irreversible decentralisation and spreading
ut of the city. If it increases at the same current rate, the city will soon be occupying
4000 square kilometres of the entire regional area.
The Proastiakos is composed of two main lines:
- the east-west line that links the international airport with the industrial area of Elefsina;
- the north-south line that links the port of Piraeus to the city centre and the northern suburbs;
The junction of the two lines is SKA station (the Railway centre of Aharnon) situated in the quarter
of Aharnon close to the northern ring-road (Attikė Odos), 15 km from the city centre.
The Athenian suburban line can take high speed trains of up to 160 km/h and is perfectly integrated
with the remaining metropolitan network, that is the excellent underground and the super modern tram.